Kamis, 06 Maret 2014

PERBANDINGAN ANTARA ELEMEN TERSEMBUNYI DAN 28 RASI BINTANG CHINA (XIU 宿)

PERBANDINGAN ANTARA ELEMEN TERSEMBUNYI DAN 28 RASI BINTANG CHINA (XIU 宿)
COMPARISON BETWEEN HIDDEN STEMS AND 28 CHINESE CONSTELLATIONS (XIU 宿)

BILINGUAL EDITION
INDONESIAN-ENGLISH

Ivan Taniputera
6 Maret 2014




Pada kesempatan kali ini saya hendak mendiskusikan perbandingan antara elemen-elemen tersembunyi dan 28 rasi bintang China (Xiu 宿). 

In this occasion I want to discuss the comparison between hidden stems and 28 Chinese Constellation (Xiu 宿).

Sebelumnya bagi yang belum memahami metafisika China, maka di dalam masing-masing cabang bumi (Dizhi, 地支) terdapat apa yang disebut batang langit tersembunyi.

For those who are not familiar with Chinese metaphysic, in each earthly branches (Dizhi, 地支) there are hidden stems.

Berikut ini adalah daftarnya.

Below is the list of hidden stems with their earthly branches.

  • Cabang Bumi Zi (子) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Gui (癸) - Air Yin.
  • Cabang Bumi Chou (丑) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Ji (己)-Tanah Yin, Xin (辛)-Logam Yin, Gui (癸)-Air Yin.
  • Cabang Bumi Yin (寅) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Jia (甲)-Kayu Yang, Bing (丙)-Api Yang, Wu (戊)-Tanah Yang.
  • Cabang Bumi Mao (卯) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Yi (乙)-Kayu Yin.
  • Cabaung Bumi Chen (辰) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Wu (戊)-Tanah -, Yi (乙)- Kayu -, Gui (癸)-Air Yin.
  • Cabang Bumi Si (巳) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Bing (丙)-Api +, Wu (戊)-Tanah +, Geng (庚)-Logam +
  • Cabang Bumi Wu (午) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Ding (丁)-Api Yin dan Ji (己)-Tanah Yin.
  • Cabang Bumi Wei (未) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Wu (戊)-Tanah Yang, Ding (丁)-Api Yin, Yi (乙)-Kayu Yin.
  • Cabang Bumi Shen (申) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Geng (庚)-Logam Yang, Ren (壬)-Air Yang, Wu (戊)-Tanah Yang.
  • Cabang Bumi You (酉) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Xin (辛)-Logam Yin.
  • Cabang Bumi Xu (戌) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi  Wu (戊)-Tanah+, Xin (辛)-Logam Yin, Ding (丁)-Api Yin.
  • Cabang Bumi Hai (亥) memiliki batang langit tersembunyi Ren (壬)-Air Yang, Jia (甲)-Kayu Yang.

  • Earthly Branch Zi (子) has hidden stem of Gui (癸) - Yin Water.
  • Earthly Branch Chou (丑) has hidden stems of  Ji (己)-Yin Earth, Xin (辛)-Yin Metal, Gui (癸)-Yin Water.
  • Earthly Branch Yin (寅) has hidden stems of Jia (甲)-Yang Wood, Bing (丙)-Yang Fire, Wu (戊)- Yang Earth.
  • Earthly Branch Mao (卯) has hidden stem of Yi (乙)-Yin Wood.
  • Earthly Branch Chen (辰) has hidden stems of Wu (戊)-Yin Earth Yi (乙)- Yin Wood, Gui (癸)-Yin Water.
  • Earthly Branch Si (巳) has hidden stems of Bing (丙)-Yang Fire, Wu (戊)-Yang Earth, Geng (庚)-Yang Metal.
  • Earthly Branch Wu (午) has hidden stems of Ding (丁)-Yin Fire dan Ji (己)-Yin Earth.
  • Earthly Branch (未) has hidden stems of Wu (戊)-Yang Earth, Ding (丁)-Yin Fire, Yi (乙)-Yin Wood.
  • Earthly Branch Shen (申) has hidden stems of Geng (庚)-Yang Metal, Ren (壬)-Yang Water, Wu (戊)-Yang Earth.
  • Earthly Branch You (酉) has hidden stem of Xin (辛)-Yin Metal.
  • Earthly Branch Xu (戌) has hidden stems of  Wu (戊)-Earth Yang, Xin (辛)-Yin Metal, Ding (丁)-Yin Fire.
  • Earthly Branch Hai (亥) has hidden stems of Ren (壬)-Yang Water, Jia (甲)-Yang Wood.


Lebih jauh lagi, kedua belas cabang bumi itu juga dibagi lagi menjadi empat seperti gambar di atas, yakni berdasarkan unsur, musim, dan arah.

Furthermore, the twelve earthly branches are divided into four categories as shown at the figure above, i.e. based on elements, seasons, and directions:
  • Api, Selatan, Musim Panas: Si, Wu, Wei.
  • Logam, Barat, Musim Gugur: Shen, You, Xu.
  • Air, Utara, Musim Dingin: Hai, Zi, Chou.
  • Kayu, Timur, Musim Semi: Yin, Mao, Chen.

  • Fire, South, Summer: Si, Wu, Wei.
  • Metal, West, Fall: Shen, You, Xu.
  • Water, North, Winter: Hai, Zi, Chou.
  • Wood, East, Spring: Yin, Mao, Chen.

Sementara itu, sehubungan dengan 28 konstelasi bintang, maka juga dibagi menjadi empat sebagai berikut:

Meanwhile, the 28 constellation are also divided into four categories as following:
  • Naga Hijau (Azure Dragon) yang mewakili arah timur dan musim semi

角 (Jiăo) berunsur kayu (Yupiter)
亢 (Kàng)berunsur logam (Venus)
氐 (Dĭ)berunsur tanah (Saturnus)
房 (Fáng)berunsur matahari (Yang)
心 (Xīn)berunsur rembulan (Yin)
尾 (Wěi)berunsur api (Mars)
箕 (Jī) berunsur air (Merkurius)

  • Kura-kura Hitam (Black Tortoise) yang mewakili arah utara dan musim dingin

斗 (Dǒu)berunsur kayu (Yupiter)
牛 (Niú) berunsur logam (Venus)
女 (Nǚ) berunsur tanah (Saturnus)
虛 (Xū) berunsur matahari (Yang)
危 (Wēi) berunsur rembulan (Yin)
室 (Shì) berunsur api (Mars)
壁 (Bì) berunsur air (Merkurius)

  • Harimau Putih (White Tiger) yang mewakili arah barat dan musim gugur
奎 (Kuí) berunsur kayu (Yupiter)
婁 (Lóu) berunsur logam (Venus)
胃 (Wèi) berunsur tanah (Saturnus)
昴 (Mǎo) berunsur matahari (Yang)
畢 (Bì) berunsur rembulan (Yin)
觜 (Zī) berunsur api (Mars)
參 (Shēn) berunsur air (Merkurius)

  • Feng Merah (Red Phoenix) yang mewakili arah selatan dan musim panas

井 (Jing) berunsur kayu (Yupiter)
鬼 (Guǐ) berunsur logam (Venus)
柳 (Liǔ) berunsur tanah (Saturnus)
星 (Xīng) berunsur matahari (Yang)
張 (Zhāng) berunsur rembulan (Yin)
翼 (Yì) berunsur api (Mars)
軫 (Zhěn) berunsur air (Merkurius)


Sebagai tambahan, di dalam astrologi China dikenal adanya 7 benda langit, yakni:

As addition, according to Chinese Astrology there are seven "planets":
  1. Matahari (Sun)
  2. Rembulan (Moon)
  3. Merkurius melambangkan elemen air (Mercury represents water element)
  4. Venus melambangkan elemen logam (Venus represents metal element)
  5. Mars melambangkan elemen api (Mars represents fire element)
  6. Yupiter melambangkan elemen kayu (Jupiter represents wood element)
  7. Saturnus melambangkan elemen tanah (Saturn represents earth element)

PERBANDINGAN
COMPARISON

Berdasarkan keterangan di atas, maka ternyata jumlah elemen tersembunyi dan konstelasi bintang adalah sama, yakni 28.
Persamaan berikutnya adalah pembagian menjadi empat arah dan musim.

Based on the informations above, the summe of hidden stems and chinese constellations are equals, i.e 28. The next similarity is the division into four directions and seasons.

Apakah mungkin elemen-elemen tersembunyi itu berasal dari 28 rasi bintang? Ataukah hanya kebetulan belaka? Hal ini memerlukan penelitian lebih lanjut di masa mendatang.

Is it possible that those hidden stems are originated from 28 constellations? Or this is just coincidence? This matter needs further research.


Meskipun demikian, terdapat pula perbedaannya, yakni pada unsur tersembunyi hanya dikenal lima elemen, yakni air, kayu, api, tanah, dan logam; sementara itu pada 28 rasi bintang ditambah dua lagi, yakni Matahari (Yang) dan Rembulan (Yin). Jumlah pada masing-masing pembagian juga tidak sama. Sebagai contoh, pada elemen tersembunyi, maka pada bagian api-selatan-musim panas terdapat delapan unsur tersembunyi; sedangkan pada bagian Feng Merah terdapat tujuh rasi bintang.

But we find also any differences. In the hidden stems we find only five elements: water, wood, fire, earth, and metal; meanwhile in the 28 constellations we find two more additional elements, i.e. Sun (Yang) and Moon (Yin). The summe of each division is not all equal. For example, based on hidden stems, in division of fire-south-summer, there eight hidden stems; but the Red Phoenix division consists only of seven constellation. All division of constellations consists of seven constellations.

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